In the last centuries, with the advancement of science and industry, the human notion has been that it can exert its power on Earth without any restrictions. At the time, it was widely believed that the environment was largely regarded as an external factor solely for human use and exploitation. In this view, the relationship between man and the environment was the predominance of man over nature, and he believed that human knowledge and technology could overcome all environmental and natural barriers. Therefore, it has begun to build and develop huge industries and structures such as industrial plants, dams, harbours, nuclear power plants, and so on.
This development has had many detrimental effects on the environment and human societies, which have only slightly evolved over time, but it can be said that at the beginning of the 5th century, the situation of the world reached an unstable development characterized by population growth, increased consumption, and unbalanced distribution of resources. . This unstable development has caused many environmental problems such as drying up of lakes, extinction of biodiversity, climate change, ozone depletion and natural systems.
Following these problems, the concept of sustainable development has been put forward by the researchers to investigate the negative impacts of various industries on the environment and identify and eliminate its factors. In year 9, the World Committee on Development and the Environment, or the Brundland Commission, provides a comprehensive definition of sustainable development, whereby humanity is capable of sustainable development if it can guarantee the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. brings. Sustainable Development was then codified by the World Conservation Strategy Commission, which was formed by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature in 2008.
Sustainable Development has 17 global goals, most notably poverty alleviation, human health promotion, education, clean water, clean energy, economic growth, gender non-discrimination, sustainable cities and communities, land conservation and natural resources Cited. The construction industry is one of the human developments that in many cases endangers these goals. The concept of sustainable development can be divided into three economic, social and environmental sub-categories.
Today, developed countries have realized the importance and necessity of sustainable development and have invested a great deal of scientific and financial investment. Less developed or developing countries have also come to grips in recent years with increasing damage, especially in the field of the environment.